Monday, August 24, 2020
Maryjane: The Legalization Their Side: After the supporting vote in November of 1996 and becoming effective the start of this current year, maryjane is presently legitimate to clinical patients in California and Arizona. Recommendation 215 peruses as follows: The individuals of the State of California thus discover and announce that the reasons for the Caring Use Act of 1996 are as per the following: (A) To guarantee that truly sick Californians reserve the option to get and utilize maryjane for clinical purposes where that clinical use is considered fitting and has been suggested by a doctor who has established that the individual's wellbeing would profit by the utilization of pot in the treatment of malignant growth, anorexia, AIDS, ceaseless torment, spasticity, glaucoma, joint inflammation, headache, or some other disease for which weed gives alleviation. (B) To guarantee that patients and their essential guardians get and use cannabis for clinical purposes upon the suggestion of a doctor are not dependent upon criminal arraignment or assent. C. To energize the bureaucratic and state governments to actualize an arrangement for the safe and reasonable appropriation of cannabis to all patients in clinical need of pot. (Suggestion 215 Section 11362.5) Obviously, it goes on and breaks into fine detail into which I decide not to wander. To sum up everything, in case you're debilitated, or think you are, your doc can get you some pot. Much the same as that. So what's so incredible about this? It apparently carries help to those with terminal diseases. (Such were recorded in 215) Cancer victims who are caused with sickness because of chemotherapy have announced that a puff or two of a pot cigarette assuages the torment. (Speculated after examination by therapist Lester Grinspoon of Harvard Medical School) It has likewise been accounted for to diminish the agony endured by AIDS patients. Regardless of this extraordinary help, one inquiry stays unanswered, shouldn't something be said about the symptoms? Precisely how unsafe and irresistible is this stuff? MY SIDE: (the significant stuff) My closely-held conviction: Marijuana ought to stay illicit as a result of the huge symptoms and compulsion that outcomes in the wake of utilizing the medication. My first certainty to back my feeling would need to be this, weed is the thing that it is, a medication! You can't change that regardless of what number of individuals vote on it. Indeed, there are professionally prescribed medications available that are possibly perilous however their belongings are nothing contrasted with that of weed.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Seeing how to impact potential purchasers is continually going to give you the edge with regards to selling your item or administration. Be that as it may, numerous organizations donÃ¢â¬â¢t utilize some essential standards of brain science in their substance procedure regardless of rivalry for online consideration being so furious. Thus, here are six brain research hacks you can without much of a stretch apply to your substance crusades to help support your outcomes. 1. Social Identity One amazing methodology is to exploit social personality. Numerous retailers utilize wonderful models to offer their garments or renowned competitors to sell sports equipment. The thought is that on the off chance that you purchase these items, you will be a piece of this attractive social gathering. What's more, when you relate to a specific gathering, messages custom-made for that bunch in a split second become all the more remarkable. This is firmly connected to the possibility of social confirmation Ã¢â¬ if others are purchasing something, particularly if individuals we trust, we feel more constrained and happy with getting it ourselves. Utilizing social confirmation through client surveys and tributes is a ground-breaking helper to potential clients. In this way, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re not as of now, use pictures of individuals that your intended interest group can identify with and have social sharing catches that show the quantity of offers a bit of substance has. 2. The Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon This marvel Ã¢â¬ additionally called Ã¢â¬Å"the recurrence illusionÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ happens when you experience something just because and afterward you begin seeing it all over the place. Essentially, youÃ¢â¬â¢re unwittingly searching for this new word, thing or thought, and you gain the feeling that this thing has out of nowhere entered the open circle. For advertisers, this wonder is unbelievably valuable for boosting brand validity and mindfulness and itÃ¢â¬â¢s why lead sustaining is vital to boosting changes. At the point when individuals consistently experience your brandÃ¢â¬â¢s content, they naturally trust you more. This is the reason email crusades, internet based life messages and advertisements should assume a key job in your web based showcasing endeavors. Bunching includes sorting out data in your memory into related gatherings, making it simpler to retain data. You can exploit peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s characteristic want to compose data by giving them some assistance. At the point when you make content, consider how you can improve the configuration to enable your crowd to hold the data. For instance, bunch comparative themes together, use visual cues and utilize distinctive header sizes. Just as making your substance progressively paramount, it likewise makes it simpler to examine. 4. Make Reciprocity As indicated by the hypothesis of correspondence, we feel constrained to make a move when we think others have given us something for nothing. Regardless of whether we think it was given unreservedly moving along without any more responsibility, we despite everything need to give back somehow or another. This inclination can be bridled in your substance showcasing. Parting with free substance can help propel individuals to make a move you need whenever you give them the chance. Be that as it may, with the goal for this to work, the estimation of the substance must be believed to be sufficiently extraordinary to rouse activity. For instance, have a go at parting with free digital books or whitepapers to urge individuals to pursue your pamphlet. 5. The Curiosity Gap Otherwise called the Ã¢â¬Å"information gap,Ã¢â¬ this hypothesis Ã¢â¬ created by George Loewenstein in the mid 1990s Ã¢â¬ proposes that when there is a hole in information, people are constrained to make a move to discover what they need to know. We have an intrinsic drive to make sense of things. 6. Energize Dopamine Release As per analysts at the University College LondonÃ¢â¬â¢s Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, encountering oddity may, in itself, affect our dopamine levels. Set forth plainly, when we see something new, our minds envision the potential for remuneration with a surge of the vibe great hormone dopamine. Maybe this clarifies why Apple fans get so energized by another item discharge! Utilize this method by discharging new substance routinely and in numerous arrangements. For instance, first discharge a blog entry that talks straightforwardly to your audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s torment focuses. At that point, half a month later, distribute an infographic on a similar theme with some new data. Indeed, even the individuals who read your unique piece will be energized by the curiosity of the new arrangement and included data. Catching everyone's eye There are numerous components to consider while actualizing a successful substance advertising procedure, yet on the off chance that you remember these brain science standards when you make content, it will assist you with hanging out in the packed ocean of online substance. Evaluate these brain research hacks and examination with different procedures you run over. Realizing how individuals tick from a mental viewpoint will just upgrade your capacity to manufacture associations with your crowd and convince potential clients, which will at last improve your capacity to sell.
Friday, July 17, 2020
Looking for Gothic Writing Inspiration Here Are 15 Vampire Novels You Should Read If you plan to write a vampire novel, you should first explore the variety of vampire tales that have shaped the genre. Weve compiled this list for writers looking for various approaches to the vampire character and mythos. From early works like Carmilla by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu (which predates Bram Stokers Dracula by 26 years) to the modern biker babe/vampire killer protagonist of Skinwalker by Faith Hunter, here are 15 unforgettable vampire novels you should read to inspire your own writing.Although Bram Stoker created the seminal vampire tale, other novels have been written that define the genres modern place in literature. Photo by Leonardo Yip on Unsplash.#1. Carmilla by Joseph Sheridan Le FanuCarmilla by Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu is a gothic novella that later influenced Bram Stokers seminal work, Dracula. The story is narrated by a young woman, Laura, who falls prey to a female vampire named Carmilla, who is later revealed to be Mircalla, Countess Karnstein. The story is prese nted as part of the casebook of Dr. Hesselius, who can be seen as the original detective of the occult in literature.#2. Dracula by Bram StokerDracula by Bram Stoker has been the inspiration for countless film and stage adaptations and remains the most influential vampire tales of literature. The story is told through a series of letters, diary entries, newspaper articles, and ships log entries, and centers on a young English solicitor, Jonathan Harker, who finds himself surrounded by unspeakable evil on a business visit to Count Draculas castle in Transylvania. Upon returning home, he finds that the evil has returned with him, threatening the very souls of those he holds most dear.#3. Interview with the Vampire by Anne RiceInterview with the Vampire is Anne Rices debut novel that tells the hypnotic story of vampire Louis de Pointe du Lac, through his confessions made to a reporter. From revelations about his vampire origins and his maker, the charismatic Lestat de Lioncourt, to his relationship with Claudia, a young girl Lestat turns into a vampire to keep Louis close, Interview with the Vampire is full of dark beauty and longing in the face of death and destruction in old New Orleans.#2. The Vampire Lestat by Anne RiceThe Vampire Lestat by Anne Rice is the follow-up to the first novel of The Vampire Chronicles, and is narrated by Lestat de Lioncourt himself, offering sometimes contradictory explanation for the events told by Louis in Interview with the Vampire. Moving from the 18th century to the late 1980s, the story follows Lestats lifeâ"from his noble beginnings in Auvergne, to his life in Paris, to becoming transformed into a vampire and his search for the most powerful vampire, Marius de Romanus. Once he finds Marius, he is introduced to Those Who Must Be Kept, Akasha and Enkil, the progenitors of all vampires who have been sleeping for many years, inspiring Lestat to do the unimaginable and awaken them.#3. The Queen of the Damned by Anne RiceThe Queen of the Damned by Anne Rice is the third novel in her The Vampire Chronicles series, and explores the extensive history and mythology of the origin of the vampires, dating back to Ancient Egypt. It also follows the exploits of the newly awakened Akasha, who has been inspired by Lestats music to kill her husband and force Lestat to be her consort. As her bloodthirsty reign grows stronger, the book follows modern vampire covens attempt to keep her from destroying 90 percent of the worlds human men and establish a new Eden in which women will worship Akasha as a goddess.#4. The Historian by Elizabeth KostovaThe Historian by Elizabeth Kostova is a debut novel that blends the history and folklore of Vlad ?epe? and Count Dracula in a combination of genres, including travelogue, gothic, adventure, detective fiction, epistolary epic, and historical thriller. In particular, the novel explores the relationship between the Christian West and the Islamic East through the characters of Paul, a p rofessor, and his 16-year-old daughter (who is curiously, never named), as they go on a quest to discover Vlad the Impalers tomb. It became the first debut novel to become number one on The New York Times bestseller list in its first week on sale and as of 2005, it was the fastest-selling hardback debut novel in U.S. history.#5. I Am Legend by Richard MathesonI Am Legend by Richard Matheson is a post-apocalyptic horror novel set in Los Angeles that has been massively influential in the development of the zombie-vampire genre. It has since been adapted into multiple films, including The Last Man on Earth (1964), The Omega Man (1971), and I Am Legend (2007). It tells the story of Robert Neville, the sole survivor of a pandemic that has taken most of humanity and turned the rest into blood-sucking, pale-skinned, and nocturnal vampires.#6. The Strain by Guillermo Del Toro and Chuck HoganThe Strain, written by Oscar-winning director Guillermo Del Toro and Chuck Hogan, is a tale of a vamp iric virus that overtakes New York. It is the first installment in The Strain Trilogy, and was followed by The Fall (2010) and The Night Eternal (2011). The plot centers on a Boeing 777, which arrives at John F. Kennedy International Airport, taxies across the tarmac, and then suddenly stops. Since all communication has gone dark, an alert is sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where Dr. Ephraim Eph Goodweather, head of a rapid-response team that handles biological threats, is sent to investigate. Goodweather and Dr. Nora Martinez board the plane, finding everyone except four people dead. What follows is a vampire tale that will not soon be forgotten, as the city tries to contain the pandemic, along with the help of Del Toros own Van Helsing, Abraham Setrakian, an elderly Romanian Jew who has first-hand knowledge of these dark thing creatures, from his time spent in a death camp in Treblinka.#7. Salems Lot by Stephen KingAs Stephen Kings second novel, Salems Lot is rumored to be his favorite of all his books. The plot, as with most Stephen King books, involves a writerâ"this one, named Ben Mears. He returns to the small town he lived in as a child (Jerusalems Lot or Salems Lot for short) in Maine, as vampires are taking over and the towns original inhabitants are succumbing to a dark power. In a 1987 interview, King told Phil Konstantin with The Highway Patrolman magazine: In a way it is my favorite story, mostly because of what it says about small towns. They are kind of a dying organism right now. The story seems sort of down home to me. I have a special cold spot in my heart for it!#8. Fledgling by Octavia ButlerOffering an unusual view of vampires, Octavia Butlers Fledgling is more science fiction in its exploration of the Ina, who are simply another species (although vampiric) coexisting with humanity. The story centers on the life of Shori Matthews, a 10-year-old girl who discovers that she is actually a 53-year old vampire. There is no monstrosity and abnormality, no deviant sexuality and decadenceâ"Butlers vampires are biological rather than supernatural. They are vampires who are not antagonistic toward humans, but instead, create close-knit Ina-human communities where they cohabitate with selected humans in symbiotic relationships.#9. Some of Your Blood by Theodore SturgeonEpistolary novels seem to be the most comfortable storytelling form for vampire tales, and Some of Your Blood by Theodore Sturgeon reiterates this pattern. Named one of the Top 40 Horror Books of All Time by the Horror Writers Association and from one of the godfathers of modern science fiction comes this story of a soldier who returns home different than how he left. Between visits to the Army psychiatrist, Philip Outerbridge, a young soldier named George Smith reveals a shocking secret via therapyâ"one that involves him drinking the blood of others during emotional crises.#10. The Passage: A Novel by Justin CroninJustin Cronins The Pa ssage begins in the near future in an apocalyptic (and later, post-apocalyptic) world full of vampire-like beings who have been infected with a contagious virus. The virus began with an experiment performed on convicts to find a drug that enhances human immunity but was carried by a species of bat. The novel spans 90 years of colonies of humans who attempt to survive among these now superhuman creatures who drink blood. Within this setting, we meet Amy, who was abandoned by her mother when she was younger and who is now part of the shadowy experiment. As Special Agent Brad Wolgast tracks her down, he learns the truth of her past and vows to protect her.#11. Children of the Night by Dan SimmonsChildren of the Night by Dan Simmons follows a research team to Romania, where they find a orphaned child whose blood is linked to that of Vlad Tsepes, the original Dracula. Immunologist Kate Neuman adopts the baby, believing that he may hold the secret for curing cancer and AIDS. As the child is kidnapped but agents of the ancient clan, Kate and her friend, Father Mike ORourke, must find Joshua and get him back before it is too late.#12. Dead Until Dark by Charlaine HarrisDead Until Dark by Charlaine Harris is the story of Sookie Stackhouse, a cocktail waitress in small-town Bon Temps, Louisiana, and is the inspiration behind the HBO series True Blood. Sookie can read minds, which makes her too odd to dateâ"until a talk, dark, and handsome man enters the diner and she cant hear what he is thinking. Having waited for someone like Bill Compton all of her life, Sookie falls hard for him, only to learn that he is a vampire. When grisly murders begin to plague the town, dating a vampire is suddenly not all its cracked up to be.#13. Sunshine by Robin McKinleySunshine by Robin McKinley takes place in an alternate universe, after the Voodoo Wars have taken place between humans and the Others, which are vampires, werewolves, and demons. The protagonist is Rae Sunshine Seddon, wh o is abducted from her familys old lakeside cabin by vampires, and held captive in an abandoned mansion with a vampire named Constantineâ"the enemy of the gang who kidnapped her. Although Rae is brought to the mansion as bait for Constantine, she remembers a forgotten magical power that her grandmother taught her, and develops a symbiotic relationship with the vampire.#14. The Vampire Tapestry by Suzy McKee CharnasThe Vampire Tapestry by Suzy McKee Charnas is the tale of Dr. Edward Lewis Weylandâ"a professor by day and a vampire by night. While his need to feed on human blood is biologic rather than supernatural, he struggles to interact with society and find meaning in it despite his uncommon need. This novel is truly a different take on the vampire tale and should not be missed, especially for its character development.#15. Skinwalker by Faith HunterSkinwalker by Faith Hunter is the story Jane Yellowrock, a shapeshifting, hardcore motorcycle rider who is the last of her kind, ha ving descended from Cherokees who could turn into any creature they desired. Shes also a vampire hunter for a living and has been hired by Katherine Fontaneau, one of the oldest vampires in New Orleans, to hunt a rogue vampire who is going around killing his own kind.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
To achieve the research aim both methods of interviewing and surveying will be employed. To complete the first objective doctors will be interviewed in order to assess how they justify using therapeutic privilege and what influence their medical experience has. In terms of the second objective previous patients will be surveyed on their opinions of not giving fully informed consent and what effect they would expect to experience if the therapeutic privilege was used. Investigative interviews I propose to interview eight doctors to obtain their personal opinions on therapeutic privilege. In addition to what arguments they feel they would employ to justify the use of such. This will be dependant on doctorsÃ¢â¬â¢ willingness to participate. Encouraging doctors to get involved will be difficult. There may be a need for a gatekeeper. Before getting doctors involved, specific permission will be required. In Scotland, any NHS research must be approved by the Research Scotland Permissions Coordinating Centre. This body will also hopefully aid me in getting in contact with doctors. Before conducting such interviews ethical clearance will be sought. In these interviews, I aim to include doctors from both genders, with a range of ages and ranges of professional experience. This will maintain fairness and show if there are any differences between justifications depending on their previous medical experience. In the interests of time and cost saving these interviews will be conductedShow MoreRelatedPrimary Research Comes Directly from the Customers682 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesare several ways we can get information directly from customers. We can interview customers. We can survey customers. We can observe customers actions and behaviors. All of these methods have their pros and cons. Interviewing Customers We need to identify target customers. 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The goal of such interviewing is to elicit open-ended responsesRead MoreEssay on WRITTEN REPORT GARDEN SUPPLIES PART 21412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssessment 2 Introduction This Project scope Ã¢â¬Å"RegainÃ¢â¬ has been designed to involve all stakeholders of D.A. Garden Supplies so that all aspects of the business can be be analysed through collecting invaluable information and data by the research methods below. Our aim is to identify the cause of the problem that the business is going through right now so that future marketing can be targeted accordingly for positive results. With proper research and strategic planning, D.A. Garden Supplies shouldRead MoreThe Canadian Community Health Survey1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesinitiative began surveying in 2001, and, in 2015, the CCHS implemented a new collection mandate resulting from a redesign project that included significant content modifications. Cross-sectional Survey v. 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However, an absenteeism of inclination to acquire fresh techniques, the organization is certain of reiterating the unchanged traditional methods. These act as a pull-down force against improvement. Three MÃ¢â¬â¢s: Method, management and measurement are the basic components of launching learning organization. Moreover, a proper understanding of the basic components is necessary for moving forward. A fresh perception for problem-solvingRead MoreA Research Process Is Not A Trial And Error One, Rather,967 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesaddress my research question. Reflection on how different teacher strategies and a ctivities through interviewing them will give out a clue to what extent are children engaged in situations that facilitate problem solving skills. The use of survey is another strategy that will enable a good reflection of how respondents under my research questions behave in their different fields. Observation is also a method that will greatly facilitate my research work as it will cover all the behavioral activities myRead MoreBuilding Blocks Learning Organizations Should Be Skilled Essay940 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesorganizations used this method worldwide since it depends on the scientific method. It starts with making an observation, gathering data/information regarding that observation to form a hypothesis. A hypothesis is a proposed description of the observation made on the available evidence (in the form of data). One of the pioneers of the quality control, W Edward Deming calls it Ã¢â¬Å"Plan, Do, Check, ActÃ¢â¬ cycle while others refer as Ã¢â¬Å"hypothesis-generating, hyp othesis testingÃ¢â¬ techniques. This method outlawÃ¢â¬â¢s focusRead MoreTeaching Science Is Very Important For Our Everyday Lives.798 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescurriculum in secondary school: this curriculum is very dry, heavy and we are obliged to explain it all and it takes a very long time to finish it and prevents us to realize different methods of learning to explain the content in a clear and thorough manner. In addition, prevents us from using the different teaching methods and to realize all the experiments necessary for each chapter which is very important in relation to the students to bring them closer to the sciences. Experiments also allow students
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Kate Grenville is one of AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s best known authors, she was born in 1950 in Sidney, Australia. She has won many national and international awards for her writing about AustraliaÃ¢â¬â¢s past and the interactions that may have been taking place between the first settlers and the aborigines. The Secret River was one of these popular novels, which is exploring the past, although it is only historical fiction. The inspiration for writing these historical fictions, came from the fact that she did not knew much about her ancestors which settled on a river named Hawkesbury River in New South Wales. William Thornhill is a convict, who has been transported by the ship Alexander to his new home in His MajestyÃ¢â¬â¢s penal colony with his family in 1806,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His skin swallowed the light and made him not quite real, something only imaginedÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â page 2, section 5. The description of this native man is highly connected and dependent on the narrators experience and thoughts in the situation. The narrator significantly controls the reader; we get a sense of understanding for his situation, we share his concerns and fear because we are able to read his thoughts, and that may be the main reason for why Kate Grenville uses this narration type. William Thornhill is a convict likely from England, who has been sent to His MajestyÃ¢â¬â¢s penal colony, he is married and a father to two children as well. There is not much information regarding his physical appearance in the novel, although there are many psychological indicators. William is suffering mentally because he knows that he will never return home. Ã¢â¬Å"This was a place, like death, from which men did not return homeÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"He would die here under these alien stars, his bones rot in this cold earthÃ¢â¬ These statements or thoughts indicates clearly what he fears, but before the night is through he gets other concerns, such as his and the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s security. The situation with the aborigine shows the kind of person he is, he is not afraid to protect his family even though he is unarmed. The novel is taking place in New South Wales in 1806 at a little penal colony, which is located next to a hill and a bay where the ship Alexander
Yizza Burgueno First Draft Instructor Michael Heumann English 101 March 26, 2013 Bottled Water Most American see bottled water as a necessity, even though bottled water did not exist many years ago. Drinking out of a water bottle has become the standard drinking source for most Americans. We have become dependent on plastic waste. We will write a custom essay sample on Bottled Water or any similar topic only for you Order Now Water is life sustaining, so many of us would think that drinking water out of a bottle is harmless. Regrettably it is not, there have been traces of PET and BPA in the plastic containers we are drinking out of. Both PET and BPA can stimulate sever health consequences. Not only are we putting our life in danger by drinking out of bottled water but our planet as well. Plastic bottles donÃ¢â¬â¢t just vanish into thin air. Most Americans donÃ¢â¬â¢t recycle, so most plastic bottles end up on streets, rivers, lakes, canals, streams, or oceans polluting our planet. Not only is bottled water way more expensive than tap, it also contains the same water quality as tap water. In other words weÃ¢â¬â¢re just paying for the names on the plastic bottles. Rather than paying for quality, our tap water can produce just about the same quality as bottled water. Bottled water is not all it is made out to be. We all need water to survive, especially when up to 60% of the human body is composed of it (USGS, 2009). Water is absolutely necessary to our planet. Approximately 75% of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface is covered by water, but only 1% of that is drinkable (Soechtig, 2009). Hence, clean drinkable water is not as easy to get as it may seem. Representative Dennis Kuchinich from Ohio states that, Ã¢â¬Å"Water is a basic human right, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a necessary for survival of life. When you start commodifying the necessities of life in such a way as to make it more difficult for people to gain access, you have the basis for serious political instability,Ã¢â¬ (Soechtig, 2009). Water is no longer a fundamental right, it has become bankable and sold to people who already have perfectly drinkable water coming out of their tap. People are looking at water as if it were gold and are only looking for a way to profit off of it. Instead of waiting in line to drink from the water fountains, people are waiting in line at the stores to pay for overly priced bottled water. People are no longer drink out of water fountains or out their kitchen sinks because they have the luxury of buying bottled water. Therefore, the demand for water fountains has decreased because of how easily it is to obtain bottled water. The more we buy bottled water, the more we are convinced that bottled water is not a luxury, but rather a necessity (Gleick, 2010, p. 107). Although, drinking out of a plastic bottle can cost twice as much, if not more than the water that comes out of our kitchen sinks and public drinking fountains and may also harm not only our health but our planet as well, millions of people still keep buying and drinking out of bottled water. Peter Gleick author of Bottled and Sold: the Story Behind our Obsession with Bottled Water, wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"certainly, the environmental problems with bottled water, the economic costs to pocketbooks, and the growing support for improving tap water quality and reliability are all contributing to new thinking about the simple act of buying a plastic bottled water,Ã¢â¬ (Gleick, 2010, p. 161). Bottled water was nonexistent many years ago. Elizabeth Royote mentions in her book, that people did not start walking down the streets with their water bottles until 1989 when water could be put in clear, lightweight bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Once that was created, bottled water skyrocketed in the 90Ã¢â¬â¢s. Water sales tripled in size, from 4. 5 gallons per year for the average American in 1986, to 12. 7 gallons per person in 1997 (NRDC, 1999). In 2007, Americans bout more than 29 billion bottles of water (Soechtig, 2009). America has engraved into people heads that drinking tap water is not healthy and in fear of the people have turned to bottled water thinking itÃ¢â¬â¢s the healthier option for them. Some people have gone to drinking bottled water literally because they are concerned about their water, and the problem is they are unaware of the fact that buying bottled water is not necessarily safe, that they end up being exposed to other chemical compounds,Ã¢â¬ says Stephanie King (PH. D. , M. P. H. ) a toxicologists and epidemiologist with Toxicology Inc. (Soechtig, 2009). Bottled water can actually lead to health concerns for those with weak immune systems, (NRDC, 1999). Most water bottles are made from polye thylene terephthalate (PET), a polymer derived from oil that adds flexibility, color, and strength to plastic (Royote, 2008, p. 48). Another health risky ingredient in the manufacture of polycarbonate plastic is Bisphenol A (BPA), a non steroidal estrogenic compound (Rubin, Murray, Damassa, King, and Soto, 2001). BPA can be found in many products such as sports bottles, baby bottles, and water coolers (Soechtig, 2009). Every American owns or has own a bottled that contained BPA, and because BPA mimics estrogen most bottles say they are Ã¢â¬Å"BPA freeÃ¢â¬ . Ã¢â¬Å"Bisphoenol A may be one of the most potent, toxic chemicals known to man. The problem is Bisphenol A acts at very low doses as an estrogen,Ã¢â¬ (Soechtig, 2009). Both PET and BPA can be harming to Americans health, one leading to cancer and the other leading to the reproductive system. OneÃ¢â¬â¢s life is not only in danger from drinking out of bottled water but the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s life as well. A large amount of water is wasted to create plastic bottles plus the water used to fill it. The amounts of bottles produce are not nearly close to the amounts recycled. Of the 80 million single served bottles of water consumed daily, 30 million ends up in landfills (Soechtig, 2009). The other ends up all over the streets making their way to the ocean, lakes, rivers, canals. Etc. The average international recycling rate for beverages containers for the word is 50%, but the United States is 20% and this number has been declining (Soechtig, 2009). The cost to produce bottled water is twice as expensive as, if not more, than tap water. Why waste more money on bottled water when people are already paying for it in the comfort of their own home. There is the cost of materials, production, and transportation. Ã¢â¬Å"This energy cost is a thousand times larger than the energy required to produce, process, treat, and deliver tap water,Ã¢â¬ (Gleick, 2010, p. 5). Are we just paying for the brand of the bottle rather than the quality of the water? 40% of bottled water is really just filtered tap water (Soechtig, 2009). Meaning that if people added a filter to their tap they can have bottled water quality coming out of their own kitchen faucet for a lower price. Most bottled water labels show a beautiful picture of waterfalls or mountains with streams running thr ough, portraying that thatÃ¢â¬â¢s where the water comes from but in all reality the bottled water People are drinking from doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t come from afar. Yosemite water one the most popular bottled water in the Imperial Valley comes from Los Angeles California (Gleick, 2010, p. 110). Bottled water can cause illnesses, pollution, and costs lots of money. It may have the advantage of being convenient, but convenient is not worth harming your health, making the earth less livable, or spending more money on something that can comes out of your kitchen faucet, which in most cases youÃ¢â¬â¢re already paying for. Bottled water may look fancy or have a different taste to it but itÃ¢â¬â¢s not worth all the consequences. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why bottled water is not all it is made out to be. Works Cited Gleick, Peter H. Bottled and Sold: The Story behind Our Obsession with Bottled Water. Washington, Dc: Island, 2010. Print. Olson, Erik D. Ã¢â¬Å"Bottled Water. Ã¢â¬ NRDC:. NRDC, 1999. Web. 5 Mar. 2013. http://www. nrdc. org/water/drinking/bw/bwinx. asp. Royte, Elizabeth. Bottlemania: Big Business, Local Springs, and the Battle over AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Drinking Water. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009. Print. Rubin, B. S. , M. K. Murray, D. A. Damassa, J. C. King, and A. M. Soto. Abstract. Ã¢â¬ National Center for Biotechnology Information. U. S. National Library of Medicine, 20 Dec. 2005. Web. 5 Mar. 2013. http://www. ncbi. nlm. nih. gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240370/. Soechtig, Stephanie. Ã¢â¬Å"Tapped. Ã¢â¬ | Tapped the Movie Ã¢â¬â Official Site |. N. p. , 2009. Web. 19 Mar. 2013. http://www. tappedthemovie. com/. Us Geological Survey. Ã¢â¬Å"The Water in You. Ã¢â¬ Water Properties: (Water Science for Schoo ls). Us Geological Survey, Oct. 2009. Web. 5 Mar. 2013. http://ga. water. usgs. gov/edu/propertyyou. html. How to cite Bottled Water, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
The 60s and Freedom Most of the time, when thinking back to the sixties, people remember hearing about things such as sex, drugs, and racism. However, what they often tend to overlook is the large emphasis "freedoms" had on the era. This does not just refer to the freedoms already possessed by every American of the time. This focuses on the youth's fight to gain freedom or break away from the values and ideas left behind by the older generation. While some authors when writing about the sixties give serious accounts of the youths' fights to obtain these freedoms, others tend to take a different and more dramatic approach to showing the struggles involved in these fights. Yet, all of the authors have the same basic values and messages in mind. They all, more or less, aim to show the many freedoms which their generation was fighting for. These fights were used to help push for freedoms from areas such as society's rules and values, competition, living for others first, and the older generation's beliefs as a whole including the freedom to use drugs. The younger generation just wanted a chance to express their own views rather than having to constantly succumb to the values and rules left behind by the older generation. The two different approaches used by authors to express these views are often representative of the two main systems used by youths to help gain their freedoms. The first approach, taken by the Port Huron Statement and authors such as Gerzon, Reich, Revel and Gitlin, follows the ideals of the New Left. The New Left represents youths striving for political change through cultural means. People are encouraged to work for their ideals. In contrast, the second approach, taken by Rubin and Didion, reflect the ideals and mannerisms of the "Be-in" society. The "Be-ins" represent another group of youths who attempt to gain freedoms through more radical means. This group focuses on more idealistic goals. The members yearn for a utopian society. However, both groups feel that the youth in society should be able to express themselves and live their lives in their own way, not some way left behind by the previous generation. The way left behind by the older generations is greatly influenced by events which occurred during that time. Unfortunately, because of many of these events, Americans lost their sense of hopefulness in the American society. The reasons are various: the dreams of the older left were perverted by stalinism and never recreated; the congressional stalemate makes men narrow their view of the possible, the specialization of human activity leaves little room for sweeping thought; the horrors of the twentieth century, symbolized in the gas-ovens and concentration camps and atom bombs, have blasted hopefulness (Port Huron Statement 166) Unfortunately, however, these feelings possessed by the previous generation seemed to contribute to their views of man as "a thing to be manipulated, and that he is inherently incapable of directing his own affairs" (Port Huron 166). Supporters of the New Left disagree strongly with these views. In fact, the Port Huron Statement makes a point of cutting down these beliefs, claiming that the New Left will not support the idea of human beings as things or objects. Then the document takes it one step further in saying that the incompetence attributed to humans is, in fact, caused by the society in which they live. They have been manipulated into thinking they were incompetent by their surroundings (166). Reich even goes as far as to say that "it is a crime to allow oneself to become an instrumental being" (Reich 56). The older society, by viewing man as incapable of controlling his own life, has also led their generation to concentrate primarily on institutions, public interest, and society as the basic reality. However, the younger generation deals more with the self. One should be able to create their own values, lifestyle, and culture (Reich 56). Rubin seems to claim, in a more vocal manner, that the older generation has not left a place in the world for the younger generation to live. The older society has already done everything which can be done. Instead of helping the youth in society to learn about being themselves, they seem insistent on controlling the youth. They place them in schools to keep them off the streets, they send them away to Vietnam. The older members of society are only trying to keep the youth from spoiling what already exists. They are intent on molding the